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How to Cure Gum Disease without a Dentist?

Photo of a little girl smiling holding a teeth model in front of pink background

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Periodontal diseases are conditions that affect the periodontium. It is used to refer to the structure that supports the tooth and is made up of the gingival tissue, periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone.


The most common form of periodontal infection, gingivitis, affects up to 90% of people (1). Inflammation of the gingiva caused by a build-up of germs and contaminants between the gums and the tooth is referred to as gingivitis responsible for the formation of dental plaque (1).

It is regarded as one of the most common issues impairing dental health and the primary reason for tooth loss (2)


Additionally, there is a strong correlation between systemic diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and lung infections with active gum disease (2).

Gum disease may also be linked to the following illnesses (2):

ā— Stroke

ā— Preterm birth

ā— Preterm birth

ā— Osteoporosis

ā— erection problems

ā— Overweight

Etiology of Periodontal Disease

Periodontitis is a persistent, damaging, and permanent active inflammatory condition that results when the periodontal problem has advanced past gingivitis. The bacteria can then enter the cells and nearby periodontium more deeply. As a result, the host reacts in an effort to fight off the invasive bacteria. The host defences, though, also cause the periodontium to be destroyed while defending against the bacterium. Periodontitis causes the periodontium to lose its connection, which then proceeds to alveolar bone loss, gums detached from teeth or split gums and possibly the loss of the tooth (3, 4). When dental hygiene is improved, the responsive state of gingivitis can be reversed.

Clinical Presentation of Gum Disease

Gum disease has been associated with bleeding as their initial indicator. The common problems include:

Photo of an Asian woman in read suffer with bad breath

Bad Breath

Gum disease-causing bacteria can result in a highly unpleasant oral situation that is reversible with conventional home care techniques. The only way to treat the halitosis brought on by gum disease is to get rid of the bacteria that cause it from the deepest cavities.

A Bad Taste 

Occasionally, people have an unpleasant taste in their mouth, or they can identify which tooth is to blame because of a strong, acute infection.

Gum inflammation

The overall blood circulation causes the tissue to turn red, which is an indication of inflammation. This is caused by antibodies the body's immune system releases into the bloodstream that aim at the infected site. An indication of the presence of pathogens is puffy, rolled gum margins around the teeth and split gums (5). 

photo of 3D bleeding gums demonstration

Bleeding Gums

You won't bleed while brushing or flossing if your mouth is healthy. However, individuals with acute gum disease virtually always experience bleeding during ordinary dental hygiene. The majority of individuals are unaware that if you use a toothbrush and dental floss correctly, typical gingivitis symptoms will go away in two weeks. Bleeding that doesn't stop is an indication of a more severe problem.

Loose Teeth 

Loose Teeth is one of the most dangerous side effects of periodontitis, and it eventually resulted in tooth loss

Pain During Chewing

Periodontal disease is linked to mobility, and it causes teeth to hurt when force is exerted on them while eating. 

Visible Tartar Build-up 

In addition to being unpleasant, tartar development harbours the bacteria that lead to gum disease. Plaque microbes that have calcified on the enamel of the tooth, as well as the root, makes tartar. The infected region cannot be treated unless the tartar is removed (6).

Gum Recession and Sensitivity

Recession can be brought on at the gum levels starting to slip down the roots as a result of the separation of strong gingival tissue. As a result, the teeth may look bigger due to gums separating from teeth, debris can get stuck between them, and given that the root areas were not intended to be subjected to external elements, this might make them more sensitive (7).

Risk factors

close up of smoking a cigarette

Smoking

There is data indicating smoking alters the habitat of oral microorganisms, boosts the population of specific periodontal bacteria, or modifies the host's reaction (7). 

Poor oral hygiene

Periodontitis and poor oral health are related, and failing to brush teeth properly and practice other oral hygiene habits can promote harmful bacteria growth and the accumulation of bacterial plaque on teeth.

Hormonal changes in females

Because progesterone inhibits collagen fibre regeneration and dilates blood vessels, it is possible for females to have gum inflammation before menstruating and during ovulation. Likewise, gingival alterations, gum disease, and even restricted expansion of gingival tissues are most common in pregnant females (8).

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is linked to periodontal ligament damage, which might eventually result in tooth loss. 

Stress

Studies show that stress decreases salivary production, which can encourage the growth of dental plaque. Salivary stress indicators are positively correlated with stress scores (9)

Hereditary

One of the reasons linked to gum diseases that renders some individuals more prone to the condition than others is hereditary (7). 

Age

As people age, their chance of developing periodontitis rises, which explains why the elderly have such a higher incidence of the condition (9). 

Treatment

1. Natural Remedies

Scaling

The first step in treating all types of periodontitis is to have teeth cleaning done by a professional, which involves root planning and scaling of the teeth to clean dental calculus and plaque that is both below and above the gum line. The patient's oral hygiene practice will be improved by the dental professional's advice, which is a significant component of this dental cleaning (1).

Photo of a OLLOSMILE COLDWHITE X1 LED Toothbrush demonstrating it benefit which are whiten teeth and improve gum disease

Notably, the apparent blue light that the LED toothbrush emits is perfectly safe for people, yet kills dangerous bacteria on touch. The Blue light toothbrush specifically reduces microorganisms that are frequently linked to severe gum disease when used every day. The cutting-edge toothbrush effectively destroys the bacteria that cause plaque and eliminates them from hard-to-reach areas like gum pockets, the tongue, and the top and sides of the mouth (1).

Photo of Bottled tea tree essential oil. Selective focus.

Tea Tree oil

Tea tree oil is an effective natural remedy for gum disease due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have found that tea tree oil works as well as conventional treatment options like chlorhexidine mouthwash in reducing the amount of plaque and gingivitis present in the oral cavity. Additionally, it also helps reduce inflammation caused by gum disease and helps promote the healing of the gums. When applied topically as a mouthwash, tea tree oil can help reduce gum pain and swelling while also refreshing breath. Furthermore, it is relatively safe to use and has been used widely throughout history as an herbal remedy for oral health issues. 

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is an effective natural remedy for gum disease because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have found that when used regularly as a mouthwash or toothpaste, it can help reduce plaque, gingivitis, and periodontal pocket depths. Coconut oil is as effective as chlorhexidine, which is routinely used to treat gum disease. The lauric acid in coconut oil is believed to be responsible for its antibacterial effects. It also helps reduce inflammation and promotes gum healing, making it an ideal natural remedy for gum disease.

Medications

When gum disease is serious, it may be necessary to use medicated mouthwash or topical drugs like Chlorhexidine, domestically given antibiotics like Arestin, or prescribed antibiotics.

2. Surgical

A surgery intervention may be required for gum disease that has reached a very extreme stage (split gums and gums detached from teeth) such as bone and tissue grafts, crown elongation, and flap surgeries (2).

Patient Education

Inform patients on how to reduce potential risks like smoking and poor oral hygiene. To evaluate and cure root causes, such as diabetes mellitus, multidisciplinary medical providers should collaborate. The general public should be reminded of the value of routine dental exams and at-home oral care.

In Conclusion

Gum disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate treatment. It is important to understand the risk factors and preventive measures to reduce your chance of developing gum disease. Additionally, if you suspect you may have gum disease, it is important to visit your dentist for assessment and treatment as soon as possible. A combination of treatments, including professional dental cleanings, LED whitening toothbrushes, tea tree oil, coconut oil, and medications can be used to effectively treat gum disease. If necessary, surgery may also be required to restore the health of your gums. Finally, patients need to receive adequate education on how to reduce their risk of gum disease and maintain good oral health. 

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